NYCA’s Position Paper on Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation and Enhancement (REDD+)
Posted by NYCA Blogger on September 22, 2009
We believe that forests play a vital role in not just acting as carbon sink that have been playing a critical role in stabilizing atmospheric emissions but also as sources of livelihoods to many people around the world. It is therefore highly important to provide incentives to keep the forest cover intact and to minimize deforestation and degradation. We firmly advocate for a mechanism that plays a strong role in promoting sustainable development and one that ensures biodiversity of ecosystems that will strengthen their resilience.
NYCA strongly advocates for a REDD+ approach where not just deforestation and degradation are included but the enhancement of carbon stocks as well. Countries that have been conserving forest cover must be compensated for their carbon stocks.
A baseline must take into account national circumstances through a development adjustment factor. Deforestation rates change with time and national circumstances and this must be reflected in the reference level adopted. Countries with historically low deforestation and degradation rates that are facing increasing pressures to deforest must not be penalized by using a historical baseline that does not use an adjustment factor to take into account the changes in deforestation rates. Countries not possessing enough data should not be deemed unqualified to participate in such a mechanism.
Compensation and incentives must go to countries/parties where the reductions in emissions took place. To avoid leakage and also to compensate countries with high carbon stocks and low deforestation rates, a separate fund must be established to avoid perverse incentives.
Financing must be available in the form of new, additional, and predictable funds from Annex I countries. These emission reductions thus generated must not be used to meet compliance targets and should be additional. Funds to countries that have maintained high carbon stocks cannot be voluntary as this will lead to underfunding. A separate fund needs to be established to make sure that developing countries have the necessary resources and capacity to monitor changes in forest cover and carbon stocks. Such capacity building measures and technical assistance should not be made conditional and should not be made conditional and must hinge on contingencies.