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Climate Change and Nepal: Youth in Climate Action

Posted by NYCA Blogger on October 24, 2009


Dipesh Chapagain blogging

With the objectives of updating Constitutional Assembly (CA) members on South Asian Youth Summit on Climate Change, its declaration and linking it to the new constitution, Nepalese Youth for Climate Action (NYCA) in collaboration with Centre for Constitutional Dialogue (CCD) organized “Climate Change and Nepal: Youth in Action” an interaction program with CA Members on 23rd October, 09 at CCD, Baneshwor.

Total of 50 participants including 6 CA members representing the committee on fundamental rights and directive principles, committee on natural resources, economic power and allocation of revenue and committee on protection of the rights of minorities and marginalized community were participated in the interaction.

In the program, Ms. Sangita Bista made presentation on ‘Climate Change and South Asian Declaration’ and Mr. Rishikesh Ram Bhandary on ‘Climate Change politics, Nepal’s position and New Constitution’. Both of the presenters represent NYCA.

Mr. Deepak K.C from CCD appeals for the inclusion of suggestions submitted by the environmental issue suggestion task force in the constitution and also handover it to the CA members.

In his remarks, CA member Lokendra Bista blamed developed countries for the causes of climate change and he added that “there is injustice to us from the developed world”. Another CA member Hem Raj Bhandari inform that, rights of living in the clean and healthy environment is included as a fundamental rights and other climate change issues under the directive principles in the constitution draft. Aang Dawa Sherpa states that “I am witnessing the glacier retreat in Solukhumbu”. She also share that she is working with a special team of concern CA members.

Agreeing on the urgency of climate change, other CA members are also very positive for the action. They appreciate the youth movement and express their solidarity to it. The program was started at 2 PM and run for 3 hours. A short documentary “Impact of Climate Change in the Himalayas” was also screened in the program.

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4 Responses to “Climate Change and Nepal: Youth in Climate Action”

  1. Myself said

    “There is no other option here than to stop it- before nature stops it for us.”
    Couldn’t agree more, Niko =0)
    To borrow from a cliche, lets hope a whole new chapter will be written at COP15!

  2. The Deadly Challenge Of Climate Change
    Began To Arise Only 250 Years Before
    The UNIPCC report clearly states that the planet earth was pollution-free before the advent of capitalism some 300 years back. By1750, pollution began to appear. The expert reports point out that increase in Green Houses Gases (carbon dioxide, methane and nitro-oxides) concentration, was primarily because of fossil fuel use and land use change. While the increase in carbon dioxide was due to fossil fuel use, the methane and nitro-oxides concentration was because of agriculture. In particular, the increase in carbon dioxide concentration from 280 ppm( part per million) in 1750 to 379 ppm in 2007 is far greater than the natural increase ( from 180ppm to 300ppm) over the last 650,000 years.
    According to the scenario for the lowest stabilisation level assessed by the IPCC, a long term goal in line with the latest science would include a peak in emissions in the next 10- 15 years and a decline of the emissions by 50% over 2000 levels by 2050. this would stablise emissions at around 450 PPM Co2 eq in the atmosphere and correspond to a 2- 2.4C rise in temperature

    IV
    Nature-Human Centric Vision
    Nature-Human Centric Vision:– The vision of Nature-Human Centric Peoples Movement to anticipate the future or coming events.
    Nature-Human Centric Peoples Movement’s assessment is that it is going to be a highly challenging future. A look at 2050 shows that we shall be confronted with 5— fatal challenges.
    A) The first one is challenge of global warming, the most deadly for the human community—- finishing it for ever.
    B) The second one is increasing human population which will go up to 9.5 billion more than the 8 billion capacity of our planet earth.
    C) The third one is agricultural crisis due to varying environmental and human factors. Decrease in the area of cultivation and disruption of agro-factors.
    D) The fourth one is decrease in the availability of pure drinking water, causing human health crisis.
    E) The fifth one is spread of fatal and irremedial diseases.

    II What is the cause of these challenges ? it is the ongoing system which is capital based, market-led, individual or self-oriented and headed by the money equipped highly corrupt politicians.

    III Then what is our task ? It is to mobilize the people against the ongoing system, its capitalist base, market priority and individual or self-orientation.

    IV What is our alternative to this system? It is to establish Nature-Human oriented system, based on the following socially just principles.

    V

    Nature-Human Centric Immediate Agenda
    Nature–human centric peoples movement (NHCPM) maintains that, given an all-embracing dreadful environmental-humanitarian global crisis, the world needs an immediate agenda corresponding to its existing ground realities.
    The first ground reality of the world is the prevalence of a life or death challenge of climate change to all bio-phenomena on the earth.
    Here, naturally the problem is as to who should organize the repairing work to climate damage. Since corporate sector is the creator of the climate change crisis and since all major corporate powers have so far failed to make a proper response to the environmental changes occurring in the past, it will be more appropriate that the present climate repairing task be handed over to the U N General Assembly instead of entrusting it over to the Security Council or G8 group or big Corporate Business Circles –all of which are dominated by corporate vested interests — the real creators of the challenge of global warming or climate change. In the General Assembly, where the decisions are taken on the majority basis, there is little likelihood of the superpowers or rich nations domination. Each meeting of the UN General Assembly will elect its chairman from among its members and the UN Secretary General will act as the spokesman of the General Assembly.
    The second ground reality of the world is the existence of various tension-points among different countries of the world. Here, the UN General Assembly should take the following steps.
    The forging of a treaty of peace and friendship among all countries of the world, declaring that they will resolve all conflicts, big or small, between them through peaceful means.
    The third ground reality of the world is the prevalence of various divisive and differenciated approaches and standpoints among different countries of the world, especially among the big powers, on the issues facing the world.
    Here the task is to resolve all disputes in a peaceful way to establish a firm peace in the world, because world peace is the basic requirement to the challenge of climate change.
    Further, every effort should be made to persuade countries to follow a foreign policy based on peace and friendship.
    Here, the UN General Assembly should undertake to establish a firm peace in the world by taking the following steps: Peaceful resolution of all disputes in the world, particularly Jammu-Kashmir , Palestine, Sri Lanka, Dyfore, etc. In case of a just solution to Jammu-Kashmir problem, a joint Indo-Pak Condominium be entrusted to handle its (JK’s) defence, foreign affairs and currency. In all other matters, the different ethno-cultural and linguistic regions of Jammu Kashmir, including Pak-Administered Jammu-Kashmir, should have full-fledged self- rule. A similar type of just arrangement be worked out in the case of, Palestine, Dyfore, Sri lanka, etc.
    The fourth ground reality of the world is the accumulated vast stock of nuclear weapons with the nuclear powers.
    Here, the UN general Assembly should undertake to demand from the existing nuclear powers that, taking into consideration the life or death challenge of global warming, they should destroy all their nuclear stockpiles and other dangerous weapons of mass destruction immediately. And, in future, they should undertake not to produce any weapon of mass destruction.
    The fifth ground reality of the world is the existence of large number of country-wise powerful armed forces who have no role to play in today’s world. Hence, the UN General Assembly should undertake to resolve all inter-country disputes existing in the world within a period of six months. Following the completion of the fore-going task, the UN General Assembly should ask all countries to stop spending on their military budgets.

    Again, all countries should stop 50% of their defence expenditure within two years and the next 50% within 5 years.
    All demobilized defence personnel be provided equivalent jobs on the pay scales they were previously having in the defence department.
    The sixth ground reality is the existence of a national development model specific to each country. Here, the UN General Assembly should set up a high-powered UN Sustainable Development Council to act as global authority by intergrating all the national development models for combating global warming and conservation and promotion of the environmental resources, on the one hand, and the development of human resources, on the other. The council should enact fundamental international reforms in regard to environment and human advancement. The finance for the council will come from global taxation, such as global trade, use of natural resources like oil, coal, communication satellites, air travel, Antarctica mining, sea-bed mining, oceanic transportation, etc; the UN General Assembly will devise the scheme for the distribution of the said global revenues between the UN and the member states in which the least developed countries will be given special consideration.
    The seventh ground reality is the prevalence of an unfair trade between the developed and the under-developed countries. Here, the WTO should act as a centre to see that the trade between rich and poor countries is conducted on a fair basis.
    The eighth ground reality is the requirement of finance by the less developed countries. Here, the IMF and the world Bank should be on guard that there is a fair distribution of finance among various categories of countries.
    The ninth ground reality is the developing water crisis in various parts of the world. Here, a new World Water Commission be set up by the UN to arrange the supply of minimum needed water to the people in the various water scarcity areas.
    The tenth ground reality is that, taking into consideration the possibility of decreasing food production, the UN should request the FAO to formulate a food policy that takes practical steps to provide foodstuffs to all food deficit areas.
    The eleventh ground reality is to improve and update agriculture to meet the food requirements of the world people. Here, the whole farming community in different countries be motivated to organize agriculture on the co-operative basis.
    The twelfth ground reality is the worsening state of poverty in various countries, especially the under-developed ones. Here, there is need to take practical steps to deal with the poverty problem as a priority issue.
    The thirteenth ground reality is that all countries must focus to eradicate the ever-increasing social evils like, crime, corruption, lack of sanitation, housing, old-age security, etc., on a just basis.
    The fourteenth ground reality is to pay serious attention to the issue of human rights violations in almost all countries of the world.
    The fifteenth ground reality is that the educational system should aim at developing the humanatarian-cum-environmental values among the students and not concentrate on developing the instinct of individualistic personality-cult among them as is being done today.
    The sixteenth ground reality is the worsening state of human health. Here, a proper response is the acceptance of human health as a fundamental right by all countries.
    The seventeenth ground reality is the existence of a threat from religious fundamentalism or terrorism which, in our view, should be countered not through military means but with humanatarian and environmental values.
    The eighteenth ground reality is that unemployment problem in every region, whether it is developed or underdeveloped, is increasing fastly. The slow pace of job creation even in countries with relatively high growth rates has left 500 million unemployed or underemployed in a region with a total labour force of 1.7 billion. In the 1980s, the ADB study calculates, it took a 3%growth rate in China to induce 1% increase in employment, compared to the 8% growth rate that was required to achieve the same result the following decade. This demands that new working avenues be explored in the vast domain of worsening environmental sector.
    The nineteenth ground reality is the persistant continuation of the problem of burgeoning world population which is as threatening as the challenge of climate change. According to expert reports, the present growth-rate of population will result in a situation where the entire land area of the world will be required to accommodate 9.2 billion people by the year 2050. The solution lies in establishing a rational and just society which ensures social security to all, weakening the motivation of having blood descendants as a guarantee against old age or some other insecurity.
    Last, but the most important, ground reality is that people on our planet are the singlemost force and the only source to bring any change on our planet and to save bio-life on this earth. And the people can play a positive role only if they are properly organized on the basis of a clear, just, fair and rational model. Such a needed model, in our view, may be found in the NHCPM (Nature-Human Centric Peoples Movement) agenda comprising, in brief, the following
    Firstly, the most important thing in society is the people and natural resources and nothing else. While the corporate capitalism falsifies that only capital is the most precious thing in society.
    Secondly, it is first of all necessary to uphold the fundamental human task of environmental (i.e., air, water, land, forest, bio-diversity, etc) sustainability at all times and places
    Thirdly, our next principle is the all-round constitutional empowerment of the people.
    A) Economic Empowerment : the people should be empowered economically by ensuring social security to every one as a fundamental right with regard to clean air , pure-drinking water, nutritious food, housing, clothing and free health facilities and education, etc.
    Fair equality based on 1:5 income difference in order to bring economic harmony among the extremely divided categories of a handful of rich and the vast majority of poor people.
    B) Political Empowerment: Political process be headed by the people and conducted through the dedicated social workers ( or their front); the election be entirely free where every one has the right to participate as a candidate and as a voter.
    Ending of state power monopoly of the corrupt and money and power hungry political parties by introducing the rule of the state funding of elections to each individual candidate.
    All development funds to be spent through elected peoples development committees (including the Gram Sabhas and not above that), abrogating the current rule of allotting crores of rupees to each MP and lakhs of rupees to each M L A for development spending in their constituencies.
    People should be empowered to recall any assembly or Parliament member if 1/5th of voters demand in writng. The political parties should get their candidates sponsored from the people before contesting any election. People’s sponsored candidate can be one who gets one thousand signatures of his electors in t5he assembly and five thousands in the parliamentary elections.

    C) Cultural Empowerment stands for a way of life (life-style) which is embedded in basic human and environmental values and promotes rational humanist and environmentalist thinking, behaviour and organization among the people.

    D) Empowerment Of Women by giving them 50% reservations in the parliament, assemblies and administration ,plus jobs in the organized big industry. Gradually. this principle should become a rule to be applied in all social, economic and cultural spheres.

    E) Workers Empowerment: in the organized sector, concerned workers organizations, united within a single workers front, to have 1/3rd representation in the management board of all types of big industry, institutions, projects and factories. In small and medium industries, concerned workers elected forums should be entitled to act as consultation boards to the each concerned management.
    F) Empowerment Of Informal Labour: in the retail sector, all workers engaged in small scale private trade should be organized into unions at all places ( i.e., cities, towns and countryside) and provided cheap credit, all types of free market facilities, free trawlers to move from one place to another or free of rent small shops in big city markets.
    G) Empowerment Of Farmers: in the rural sector, the entire peasantry, the rich farmers as well as the landless peasants be organized on the basis of co-operative farming as the fundamental policy of the state. Each such co-operative be provided necessary govt help to develop its own market mechanism, procure its required agricultural inputs at cheap rates and build its credit system with the help of loans from the co-operative credit agencies.
    Promoting the fundamental human task of justice, equality and fairness in all walks of life.
    I.) Democratization of all industrial and services sectors by ending their corporate and state monopoly control and managing them through ordinary share-holders (2/3rd representation) and workers, (with 1/3rd representation).
    j.) Finance management: while the corporate sector upholds the monopoly corporate management and control and the state sector supports the monopoly bureaucratic management and control, the nature-human centric development model stands for democratic management and control of public companies by elected joint committees, each comprising 2/3rd elected members from ordinary share-holders and 1/3rd elected workers representatives in place of permanent corporators. All promoters shares purchased at cheaper rates (than market rates) and owned by corporate management be ended.
    k). Jurisprudence to be based on the fundamental principle of safe- guarding and protecting the interests of environmental and human resources. Any disregard of the foregoing principle to be dealt with the aim of reforming the offender, while prescribing punishment according to the severity of the offence. Punishment may include all human forms that have existed in history except the sentence to death.
    People’s SAARC Conference of
    Nature-Human Centric Peoples Movement

    Why People’s SAARC
    Because official SAARC (South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation) cannot fulfil the demands of present world fundamental reality. This fundamental reality of our times i.e. the reality of environmental degradation, on the one hand, and an inhuman divide between a few billionaires and overwhelming number of deprived and have-nots on the other. This fundamental reality is posing a highly serious 2-sided challenge to humankind (and also to all bio-life on this planet) That is, the 2-sided challenge of survival or extinction. There is no third way out.
    This fundamental reality demands to resolve all disputes in a peaceful way to establish a firm peace in the world because world peace is the basic requirement to the challenge of global warming (or climate change).
    Next this fundamental reality demands to forging a treaty of peace and friendship among all SAARC countries, declaring that they will resolve all conflicts big or small between them through peaceful means.
    Further this fundamental reality demands immediate denuclearization of India and Pakistan along with an appeal to all world countries to demand the destruction of all types of nuclear stockpiles held by nuclear states in the world under the UN supervision.
    Immediately stop 50% of defense expenditure and next 50% within short period.
    Obviously the above said demands should be raised by people’s SAARC.
    Who are organizing People’s SAARC
    A People’s SAARC conference was held on 21st to 25th June, 2009 in India by the organizing committee of Nature-Human Centric Peoples Movement (NHCPM) India Unit. In this conference delegates from Nepal , Bangladesh , Myanmar and India were participated. Delegates of this people’s SAARC conference decided to organize next People’s SAARC conference in Nepal .
    About NHCPM
    Nature-Human Centric Peoples Movement is fully independent and voluntary peoples movement, unrelated to any corporate body or institution. It (i.e. Nature-Human Centric Peoples Movement) is guided by its own theory and practice. As regards its perception about the existing fundamental world reality, it steadfastly believes that the ongoing fatal environmental and social crises is an outcome of the corporate theory of capital (the theory which is holding capital as the supreme thing in society), which constantly misuses and over-uses environmental and human resources to achieve the maximum profit.
    It (i.e. Nature-Human Centric peoples movement) firmly holds that the way-out of the present life and death crises lies in motivating and mobilizing the people for a peaceful transformation of the present corporate capitalist system (now operating in all the nation states) into a Nature-Human Centric System which consciously regards that the most precious thing in society comprises environmental and human resources and not the money capital. Hence according to it the development, progress and prosperity in society be judged by the promotion of nature-human resources. Capital money or wealth, according to it is merely a medium of exchange and nothing more. By falsifying the capital (i.e. money or wealth) as the personification of development, progress and prosperity, the corporate capitalist theoretician have devised a system which ruthlessly destroyes the environmental resources and violently and mercilessly exploists the human resources.
    Obviously, the transformation of the present capitalist order into a Nature-Human Centric order is an urgent need of our times. The sooner it is done, the better.
    Your are cordially invited to participate activity in people’s SAARC conference.
    Other information are as under
    Venue (Place of conference) : Maha Maya Vishwa Shanti Buddha Vihar
    Plot No. EC-8, East Monastic Zone
    Lumbini (The birth place of Lord Buddha)
    Nepal
    Date : December 26-29, 2009
    Organizing committee
    Name Mobile No./Phone/E-mail
    1. Dr. D.B. Singh 00977-9741040824

    2. K.B. Pun 00977-9804461800

    3. Sharad Chandra Gurung 00977-9807421533

    4. Ghanshyam Democrat 0091-9414864548
    E-mail : ghan_demo@yahoo.com.in

    5. Sajjan Kumar 0091-9001826467
    E-mail : sajjan_nhcpm@rediffmail.com

    6. Sukhdev Singh 0091-1652274551

    7. Md. Shahadat Islam 0088-1711-158806
    0088-01711159906
    E-mail : pradipbd@bdonline.com

    8. Aminur Rasul 0088-01711583958
    0088-01721-058422
    E-mail : rasul_sdp@yahoo.com

    9. Berkat Ullah 0092300-2267993
    0092-321-2454902
    E-mail : berkat_Ullah@hotmail.com

    Convenor : Dr. D.B. Singh

    Secretarial Office : Butwal-10, Sukkhanagar, Lumbini Zone , Nepal
    Phone : 00977-9741040824
    : 00977-71-548117
    E-mail: : dr.nhcpm@yahoo.com
    Log on : http://www.naturehumancentric.org
    http://www.freeweb/naturehuman

  3. niko leka said

    Hello
    I’ve just read your comment above regarding “A sense of responsibility should be instilled in the developed countries instead of accusing them”- I think you’re absolutely correct, getting them to ‘develop’ a sense of responsibility and to own the problem they have caused is vital- I live in such a country, australia. to the outrage of an increasing number of people here, for no good reason other than corporate profit we export an increasing amount of coal. There is no other option here than to stop it- before nature stops it for us.

    Respect and solidarity
    Niko Leka,
    Socialist Alliance (Newcastle branch, NSW) Australia.

  4. Myself said

    Its great that our CA members were briefed on this burning issue! But could you please mail the presentations to people who were interested but couldn’t make it to this meet?
    Also, the blame game is not so good. A sense of responsibility should be instilled in the developed countries instead of accusing them. Accusations never turned a leaf. Realization of responsibilities always has.

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