Nepal Gearing Toward Formulation of National Adaptation Plan (NAP) Process
Posted by NYCA Blogger on February 22, 2016
Apar Paudyal (Syanda Village, Humla district, Nepal:photo taken Oct 18 2011)
In 2010, at the 16th Conference of Parties (COP 16) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) it was agreed to assist Parties to formulate and implement National Adaptation Plans (NAP) as a means of (a) identifying medium- and long-term adaptation needs and (b) developing and implementing strategies and programmes to address adaptation needs. The following year, COP 17 in Durban defined the objectives of the NAP process, to: reduce vulnerability to the impacts of climate change, by building adaptive capacity and resilience; and facilitate integration of climate change adaptation, in a coherent manner, into relevant new and existing policies, programmes and activities, in particular development planning processes and strategies, within all relevant sectors and at different levels, as appropriate.
As a Least Development Country (LDC) and adhering to UNFCCC commitment, Nepal has already initiated national level policy and institutional responses to mainstream climate change into the development process. The Government is now implementing several initiatives on climate change adaptation aimed at building national, local and sectoral capacities to effectively implement adaptation priorities and action plans. The consideration of sectoral concerns on climate change in planning, budgeting and decision making process are evolving and are at different stages in Nepal.
In order to take a more considered approach and to work towards transformational change within the country’s capacity to address climate change issues, the Ministry of Science, Technology and Environment (MoSTE) launched the National Adaptation Plan (NAP) formulation process on 18 September 2015. The launching event was primarily aimed towards facilitating country owned process by coordinating adaptation planning at all relevant scales and with a medium and long-term view. The Nepal NAP process builds on the experiences of National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA) process in several ways, maintaining a country-driven, participatory, multi-disciplinary and gender sensitive approach. However, the medium- and long-term perspective of the NAPs process means that country require more sustainable and permanent institutional arrangements for continuous and iterative adaptation planning, to be integrated into national development planning processes. Gaps in, and needs for, technical capacity, data and information required at various levels of adaptation planning will also need to be addressed.
Ministry of Population and Environment (MoPE) being the focal point for climate change in Nepal, has taken the leadership role to facilitate the national process to identify and prioritise mid to long term adaptation action that fully considers climate change concerns in the national planning and decision making process. MoPE proposed to cover nine thematic sectors for NAP. This will enable the Government of Nepal to facilitate the NAP formulation process and come up with action plans to integrate climate change adaptation in the national and sectoral level policy, planning and decision-making process.
 MoSTE has been recently reformed as Ministry of Population and Environment (MoPE)
 Development thematic sectors: (1) Agriculture and food security; (2) Forest and Bio-diversity; (3) Water resource and Energy; (4) Public Health; (5) Climate-induced disasters; (6) Urban settlement and infrastructure; (7) Tourism, Natural and Cultural heritage; Cross cutting thematic sectors (8) Gender and marginalized group (social inclusion) and (9) Livelihoods and Governance.