Climate Change and Nepal


  • Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email.

    Join 1,369 other followers

  • Join NYCA Googlegroups

    Google Groups
    Nepalese Youth for Climate Action (NYCA)
    Visit this group
  • Blog Categories

  • Blogpost Archive

  • Recent posts

  • Hits !

    • 43,904 friends
  • Advertisements

Author Archive

Climate Change Impacts on Reservoir based Hydropower Generation in Nepal

Posted by manjeetdhakal on March 21, 2012

In principle Nepal’s hydropower potential is impressive due to rugged mountain terrain from which snow and rain fed rivers produce significant amount of seasonal water flow. Owing to this natural hydrological processes, Nepal projected an image since 1970s that this country has one of the richest hydropower potential in the world through which the country would be able to alleviate poverty by bringing socio-economic transformation of the Nepali society. This potentiality was compared with the wealth of some oil-rich Gulf countries. After 40 years, the country is still struggling hard to meet the domestic energy demand, and the once popular national slogan that ‘Nepal is rich hydropower potential with 83000 MW’ is no more exist. Completed in late 1980s, Kulekhani hydro electricity plant (KHEP) became a showcase example of hydropower development, which is the first and only reservoir based hydropower plan in the country. A strong cloudburst of July 1993 seriously hit the plant as its penstock pipes were swept away and seriously reduced water holding capacity of the reservoir due to sediment deposit. In the project design document, such risks were ruled out and, the watershed has been identified as one of the safe zone from any extreme climatic events. The event had a huge impact on the other projects under pipeline. Since then 18 years have passed but no new reservoir-based hydropower plants are built. This is a rationale behind selection of KHEP as a study site for this case study.

In the context of growing impacts of climate change on water bodies and hydrologic cycles, study on prospects of reservoir based hydropower in Nepal are highly desirable. Storing water in reservoir is one of the globally recommended options to tackle climate change impacts on hydrologic cycle. In this case, the reservoir based hydropower that accumulates water during rainy season and produces electricity throughout the year, is one among the best options to address the current problem of seasonal power shortage. Even though, various reports has suggested further study on this sector, in Nepal, the effects of climate change on this valuable resource remain questionable.

This study mainly focuses on the hydrological and weather time series data in relationship with discharge, level of water in the reservoir and energy generation,. With the allowable 4 % error level, 30 years of rainfall data from 1980 to 2009 of nearby rainfall stations were analyzed. Findings show that, Kulekhani receives 78% of rainfall during monsoon (June-September), the water accumulated during t Read the rest of this entry »


Posted in News | 1 Comment »

Agenda to discuss on agenda at Bonn Climate Talk !

Posted by manjeetdhakal on June 16, 2011

Blogging from Bonn Climate Talk

Cancun set an excellent example how the outstanding leadership of a host country could effectively shape the discourse. With the Cancun Agreement as an output on the table, many issues need further discussion and more political willingness. As a follow-up for next year, discussion started from Bangkok on last April. Agenda became main agenda for Bangkok Climate Talk. The week long discussing went around only discussing agendas of Ad-hoc Working Groups and finally succeeded. Now we are at Bonn, Germany climate capital, where world meets every year to talk about climate.

I feel really embarrass and discomfort to open up this story of Bonn Meeting. We discussed on agenda for Subsidiary Bodies (SBs) on first week and are now discussing on where the next meeting should be held. Now let’s go one my one: first on the agenda and on the next meeting issues. This would be best agenda to discuss.

One of the reasons to open-up the discussion on the agenda was because of some new proposals from some countries such as water resources, blue carbon, agriculture, and the rights of nature and ecosystems. Finally, parties agreed to work on the understanding that consultations would continue.

Papua New Guinea attempt to push Blue Carbon in an agenda by introducing it as an effective solution to reduce atmospheric CO2 by conserving water plants which dubbed carbon sequestration more effectively (up to 100 times faster) and more permanently than terrestrial forests. Likewise, Bolivia called for a space to discuss the impacts of Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in News | Tagged: , , , | Leave a Comment »

Negotiating on Character: paving way to D

Posted by manjeetdhakal on June 14, 2011

Posted on Blog: Change: Climate Or We !

Brazil’s second largest city, Rio de Janeiro, witnessed the first ever gathering of environmental campaigners/caretakers and produced an international environmental treaty (UNFCCC) with an objective to stabilize greenhouse gas concentrations that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference in 1992. After one and half decades, the discourse took new dimensions in Bali, developing a new road map as a two-year process of finalizing a binding agreement in 2009 in Copenhagen. But brushing aside this huge expectation, Copenhagen only produced a weak political statement titled the ‘Copenhagen accord.’ The summit could not pave a way forward for this global issue.

The road from Copenhagen to Cancun, in 2010, was also not that easy.  Cancun set an excellent example how the outstanding leadership of a host country could effectively shape the discourse. It was a well known fact that many issues were still on the table that are still unresolved, need further discussion and more political willingness.

To my surprise, these climate discourses always opt for places/countries that start with an interesting first letter. Copenhagen was followed by three meetings in Bonn and semi-final at China’s beautiful city Tianjin. Cancun was another important milestone that was also able to keep up trust on UN process. It was then followed by Bangkok and now at Bonn, both the climate capitals of Asia and Europe, respectively. One of the issues that needs resolution here is where will the next intersessional will be held. My opinion is to follow the ritual so go for places that start with initials B, C or D! But of course not Copenhagen!

Now on the way to the match in Durban, termed the “African COP,” many issues need to Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in COPs, News, UNFCCC | Tagged: , , , | Leave a Comment »

a “UNFCCC version” of marriage

Posted by manjeetdhakal on October 8, 2010

thoughts during the Tianjin (China) Climate Discussion….. manjeet blogging from Tianjin

Culturally in Nepali society parents find the better-half for their adult son and daughter, my family included. This practice may seem unrealistic awkward and, surprising for the people of other society, but it has been working successfully for many years, what’s more  the rate of divorce is lower in our traditional society than that of in other societies. This custom of finding spouse, by parents, who are totally unknown to us until the first night after marriage that usually gifts happy-married life. Let us imagine a girl or a boy whom you have never met or even never imagined before to whom you are supposed to spend your whole life. However, no problem! We tell it a fast start process; here is the story in UNFCCC version.

Parents will look for their son/daughter-in-law, to whom we ever know. However, it works and is in going well until these days; moreover, we say it is “fast start” process. Imagine, a girl or a boy you ever had not met, but you are supposed to bear whole life with him/her.

Marriage Ceremony

First, they get married, as they have many different thoughts and wide range of expectations; first they share among each other in an open heart without any politics involved and put their number open in the table. There come many things to Mitigate and many to adapt with an effective option of effort sharing. Then they come-up with Shared vision and precisely it is totally the both party driven process. This comes to Fair, Ambitious and binding deal (FAB) deal nearly after a year, which results development of technology. Than the technology needs to financed and parents need to be more concerned on building more capacity. Now again the challenge comes, the Finance to run the whole system, but it is of no problem anymore, as the party has already agreed on crunch issues. Cooperation between both parties will generate fund, because the husband who owns more has saved 1.5 % of his saving on not other than his own bank.

This goes the final deal. But, some time it will be quite difficult, if there goes bilateral of husband or wife outside the process, and it will hurt both and parties members and they are not going to agree on that, always make check and balance of how the system goes.

This is Happy Family, of UNFCCC version!!

Posted in News, opinions | Tagged: , , , , , , , | 2 Comments »

UN Climate talk begin in Tianjin, China

Posted by manjeetdhakal on October 4, 2010

manjeet, blogging from Tianjin, China

Opening Pleanery of Tianjin Climate talk

UN Climate talk begin in Tianjin, China Tianjin, China 4 October 2010 The final meeting before the annual Climate conference (COP 16) begin in Tianjin, China from 4 October 2010. Government participating in the meeting express a high regard to People´s Republic of China for excellent arrangements in hosting the meeting. More than 3000 participants from about 194 UNFCCC signatories’ countries are participating the Tianjin meeting.

The interesting fact is that, the event is the first time that China, the world’s biggest source of greenhouse gases, has hosted a UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) meeting. The welcome ceremony was attend by Mr. Dai Binggue, State Councillor of the People’s Republic of China, Mr. Xie Zhenhua, Vice Chairman of National Development and Reform Commissions of China and Mr. Haung Xinggue, mayor of Tianjin Municipal government with the Ms. Christiana Figueres, Executive Secretary of UNFCCC. In the welcome address, Chinese officials focused on two major fact: China commitment on Legally binding agreement on Climate change and enunciate China as fast growing economy. Ms. Figueres in an opening ceremony says, “As governments, you can continue to stand still or move forward. Now is the time to make that choice”.

Parties really feel warm hospitality in Tianjin, during the intervention at opening plenary of AWG-LCA representative say, “From our arrival at the various points of entry, we were met with excellent hospitality and charm. We feel the warmth of the people of Tianjin. We therefore, thank the Government of China”. In the meeting, Lesotho on behalf of LDC in an opening ceremony recalls Chinese say, ¨A journey of a thousand miles starts with a first step¨ and hope that Tianjin is better place to start those few steps for a successful Cancun.

One of the interesting aspects in Tianjin negotiations is how the interface will play out between elements of Copenhagen Accord and other positions that are opposed to it in the new text. Issue of Finance, draft decision on REDD+, on discussion about MRV (Monitoring, reporting and Verification), issues on LULUCF (Land use, land use change and Forest) are other important issues in Tianjin talk.

Finance has always become critical and key to the effective implementation of adaptation, mitigation, technology transfer and capacity building particularly for LDCs and other developing countries. Along with this, there is a need for adequate and accessible financial support with new and additional finance over the existing ODA has become more urgent in the face of continued adverse effects of climate change and the associated delayed actions on reducing emissions.

For LDCs like Nepal, Adaptation is a priority and urgent issue, there LDC insist on the establishment of Adaptation Framework for Implementation covering full cost of adaptation. LDCs are also hopeful that 70% of the 1.5% of Annex I Parties´ GDP will be made available to the LDCs thereby maintaining the preferential status as the most vulnerable Group. Further, in Adaptation, LDCs are in favour of Adaptation Committee, with representation from LDCs, the creation of international and regional centres and creation of mechanism for loss and damage.

Last year’s UN climate summit in Copenhagen has disappointed many of us when it failed to produce a global and legally binding treaty, so it’s the challenge for the parties (government) to make the week fruitful.

Posted in News, opinions, UNFCCC | Tagged: , , , | 2 Comments »

SAARC needs to capitalize on opportunities for Regional Cooperation on Climate Change

Posted by manjeetdhakal on April 22, 2010

Impacts of climate change such as floods, cyclone, drought, glacial melt, and sea level rise are already being felt in South Asia, and these will continue to intensify. For more than 1.5 billion people in South Asia, particularly the poor, climate change is clearly not just an environmental issue but one that is closely interlinked with their livelihood and socioeconomic development.

“SAARC needs to capitalize on opportunities for Regional Cooperation on Climate Change and be a key player in the Global Climate Change Arena”

Besides being extremely vulnerable to the impacts of climate change, South Asia is also in a position to lead the world towards effective action against climate change. COP 15 in Copenhagen exposed the world to new geo-political realities with the rise of the BASIC (Brazil, South Africa, India & China) group as a key player in the global climate negotiations. As a member of the BASIC group, India is in a position to significantly influence climate negotiations and raise the concerns of the region as a whole. Similarly, countries like Maldives and Bangladesh have also played important roles in shaping global opinion on climate change. They have also demonstrated how small countries can make big impacts. Maldives has announced that it will become carbon neutral within ten years and Bangladesh has invested significant resources in adaptation. Nepal is a  chair of LDC group in the United Nations and can led Climate Change agenda as well. Other South Asian nations have also initiated measures to address climate change. If SAARC can harness all these efforts to present a collective position and take advantage of the strengths of each of its members, it can definitely be a major player and a global leader in the context of climate change.
Climate change is also an issue that can bring together all South Asians. We are all on the same boat when it comes to climate change and we need to support each other and paddle hard together to take our boat upstream. Sharing experiences and learning good practices from each other will not only help adapt to the climate impacts but also build on South-South cooperation. Building and executing effective regional climate policy will do justice to all the poor and vulnerable people of the region and their aspiration for economic development.
In this context, SAARC has already taken some positive steps towards addressing climate change. Recognizing that climate change is putting obstacles to meeting food security, water and energy needs, adequate livelihood options and maintaining biodiversity in the region, SAARC has already come out with three important common statements on climate change, including the Dhaka Declaration on Climate Change, which endorsed the SAARC Action Plan on Climate Change. What we need now is follow up on these actions, including formulation and implementation of detailed, prioritized and time bound plans for each of the major themes mentioned in the Action Plan. SAARC also needs to have mechanisms in place to ensure the implementation of the action plan.
Climate change is one of the major issues to be discussed during the 16th SAARC Summit to be held in Bhutan from 28-29 April, 2010. South Asia must use this forum for agreeing on a time-bound road map for regional cooperation on climate change and send a strong message the world that SAARC demands a fair, binding and ambitious treaty to protect the world from the adverse impacts of climate change.
Nepal has also raised its voice on climate change in various international meetings and organized the regional conference “From Kathmandu to Copenhagen” from 31 August to 1 September, 2009. The Government of Nepal also drew the attention of the world by organizing a cabinet meeting at Everest Base Camp in Kalapathar. Now it is time for Nepal to work with its neighbors in South Asia to learn from best practices in the region and ensure that its voice is heard in international forums. Together we can indeed make a difference.

The note is circulated by CANSA Nepal team before 16 SAARC summit

SAARC needs to capitalize on opportunities for Regional Cooperation on Climate Change and be a key player in the Global Climate Change Arena

Posted in News | Tagged: , , , | 2 Comments »